Corporate Accounting Information Systems
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A second method is to directly cut over to the new system at a specified time. A third method is to phase in the system, either by location or system function. A fourth method is to pilot the new system at a specific site before converting the rest of the organization. The support phase has two objectives. The first is to update and maintain the AIS. This includes fixing problems and updating the system for business and environmental changes.
The second objective of support is to continue development by continuously improving the business through adjustments to business and environmental changes. These changes might result in future problems, new opportunities, or management or governmental directives requiring additional system modifications. Quality control of AISs involves many activities, including the services of both external auditors public accountants and internal auditors.
External auditors can provide a variety of services, including providing assurance that the controls over external financial reporting are adequate and attestations that the external financial statement are "fairly presented" in accordance with GAAP.
Internal auditors focus on providing assurance that AISs are effective and efficient in providing information to assist managerial decision making. Continuous improvement of AISs change the way internal controls are implemented and the types of audit trails that exist within a modern organization. The lack of traditional forensic evidence, such as paper, necessitates the involvement of accounting and auditing professionals in the design of such systems.
Periodic involvement of public auditing firms can be used to make sure the AIS is in compliance with current internal control requirements, such as the Section requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and revised financial reporting standards. After the implementation, the focus of attestation is the review and verification of system operation. This requires adherence to such standards as ISO for software design and development, as well as standards for control of information technology. Periodic functional business reviews should be conducted to make sure the AIS remains in compliance with the intended business functions.
Quality standards dictate this review should be done according to a periodic schedule. Other system types that affect AISs are supply chain management and customer relationship management.
Traditional AISs recorded financial information and produced financial statements on a periodic basis according to GAAP pronouncements. Modern ERP systems provide a broader view of organizational information, enabling the use of advanced accounting techniques such as ABC and improved managerial and financial reporting using a variety of analytical techniques. Hall, James A. Accounting information systems 5th ed. Cincinnati : Thomson South-Western. Jones, F.
- Accounting Information System (AIS) Definition?
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Accounting information systems: A business process. Cincinnati: Thomson South-Western.
What is an Accounting Information System?
O'Brien, J. Management information systems 7th ed. New York : McGraw-Hill. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. September 24, Retrieved September 24, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.
Accounting Information Systems Updated About encyclopedia. Accounting Information Systems gale. Input The input devices commonly associated with an AIS include standard personal computers PCs or workstations running applications, scanning devices for standardized data entry, and electronic communication devices for electronic data interchange EDI and electronic commerce e-commerce.
The Basic Components of Accounting Information System
Processing Basic processing is achieved through computer systems ranging from individual PCs to large-scale enterprise servers. Output The output devices used include computer displays, impact and nonimpact printers, and electronic communication devices for EDI and e-commerce. They are tangible evidence of commercial activity. Some examples of these documents include purchase orders, invoices and receipts.
Often created at the end of a business process or the completion of a transaction, they serve as indicators of business activity and keep records of transaction details. Source documents can be tangible or digital in nature. This is a major component of this system.
Input devices are used to capture transaction information for accounting purposes. By using specialized mechanisms of operation, they capture data accurately and allow for its processing or storage. Often used by employees, they help to enter these details into accounting information systems.
Examples of input devices include keyboards, scanners, touch pads, modems and bar code scanners. It receives raw data from them, processes it and then saves it in digital storage files such as ledgers, reports and journals. Examples of these processors are software and digital tools. Their ultimate objective is to transform accounting data into information that decision makers can utilize successfully. Modern processors are able to process bulky accounting information in seconds.
What is Accounting Information System
This is a component of accounting systems which is used to store the ledgers and reports that are generated from processed accounting data. Traditionally, file cabinets were used as storage devices. However, many Accounting Information Systems are based in computers today. Therefore, the storage is performed in hard disks, flash drives, memory cards and Cloud infrastructure. This component is used for live as well as back up storage of this information. Furthermore, the accounting information is often stored in such a way that it can support shared access. Accounting Information Systems process data into information, so that they may guide the decision makers in an organization.
Accounting Information System (AIS)
Examples of output media include monitors, projectors and printers as well. Accounting systems focus primarily on financial transactions. An accounting information system provides several benefits for owners and managers needing to review financial transactions.
Improving workflow is a common goal for business owners and managers. Accounting workflow represents the individual processes by which financial documents flow through a company. Internal documents relate to financial reports for business owners and managers, while external ones represent information relating to the economic market.
The accounting information system ensures these documents get to the individuals responsible for making decisions.